Whether you’ve purchased a new Mac with macOS Mojave pre-installed or you’ve upgraded from a previous version of macOS, you’ll find that macOS Mojave makes your Mac easier to use and offers myriad improvements to make you more productive. Get additional information on things you should never do to your Mac; a compendium of useful and timesaving keyboard shortcuts; a discussion of when folders are too full and when (and when not) to create subfolders; recommendations for backing up data; and a short discussion of iDevices and Continuity.
Now, apps started through Terminal are also checked. These files get the same malware scan, signature check, and local security policy check. The difference: even on the first run, you only need to explicitly approve software launched in bundles, like a standard Mac app bundle, not for standalone executables or libraries. I'm running: MacOS Mojave 10.14.1 on MacBook Pro Firefox Quantum 63.0.3 (64-bit) Anyone else having the same problem or solved the issue where there are multiple windows open in Firefox, and hitting keyboard shortcut `alt`+`tab` doesn't switch between windows?
Treat your Mac and macOS Mojave with care. To keep your work and leisure projects safe, never do any of these things with your Mac:
If you’re using a laptop, you can usually get away with pulling the plug while it’s running because the battery automatically kicks in. The only caveat is that if your battery is totally depleted, damaged, or missing entirely, you could suffer directory damage or data loss by pulling the plug. Just use the Shut Down command, and you’ll sleep well.
Make your work go faster with these macOS Mojave keyboard shortcuts. Print this chart and refer to it while using macOS Mojave.
|Add Selected Item to Dock||Command+Control+Shift+T|
|Add Selected Item to Sidebar||Command+Control+T|
|Close All Windows||Option+Command+W|
|Get Info (on selected item or items)||Command+I|
|Go to All My Files||Shift+Command+F|
|Go to Applications Folder||Shift+Command+A|
|Go to Desktop||Shift+Command+D|
|Go to Documents Folder||Shift+Command+O|
|Go to Home Folder||Shift+Command+H|
|Hide Current Application||Command+H|
|Hide Other Applications||Command+Shift+H|
|Log Out Current User||Shift+Command+Q|
|Mission Control: All Windows||Control+Up Arrow (F3 on Apple keyboards)|
|Mission Control: Application Windows||Control+Down Arrow (Control+F3 on Apple keyboards)|
|Mission Control: Show Desktop||F11 (fn+F11 on laptops) (Command+F3 on Apple keyboards)|
|Move to Trash||Command+Delete|
|New Finder Window||Command+N|
|New Smart Folder||Option+Command+N|
|Quick Look (at selected item)||Command+Y or Spacebar|
|Show Inspector (on selected item or items)||Command+Option+I|
|Show Original (of selected alias)||Command+R|
|Show View Options||Command+J|
|Show/Hide Path Bar||Option+Command+P|
|Show/Hide Status Bar||Command+/|
|Show/Hide Tab Bar||Shift+Command+T|
|Turn VoiceOver On/Off||Command+F5 (fn+F5 on laptops)|
|View Window as Columns||Command+3|
|View Window as Cover Flow||Command+4|
|View Window as Icons||Command+1|
|View Window as List||Command+2|
In the expanded view of macOS Mojave, if you press the Tab key while the Save As field is active, it becomes inactive, and the search box becomes active. Press Tab again, and the sidebar becomes active. Press the Tab key one more time, and the file list box (more accurately known as the detail pane — the part with Icon, List, Column, or Cover Flow view buttons in it) becomes active.
That’s because the file list box, the search box, the sidebar, and the Save As field are mutually exclusive, and only one can be active at any time. You can always tell which item is active by the thin blue or gray border around it.
When you want to switch to a different folder to save a file, click the folder in the sidebar or click anywhere in the file list box to make the file list active. The following tricks help you get a hold on this whole active/inactive silliness:
How full is too full? When should you begin creating subfolders in Mojave? That’s impossible to say, at least in a one-size-fits-all way, but having too many items in a folder can be a nightmare — as can having too many subfolders with just one or two files in each one.
If you find more than 15 or 20 files in a single folder, begin thinking about ways to subdivide it. On the other hand, some of your biggest subfolders might contain things that you don’t often access, such as a Correspondence 1992 folder. Because you don’t use it often, its overcrowded condition might not bother you.
Here are some tips to help you decide whether to use subfolders or just leave well enough alone:
When working in macOS Mojave, would you like to ensure that you won’t lose more than a little work no matter what happens — even if your office burns, floods, is destroyed by tornado, hurricane, or earthquake, or robbed? If so, you might want to follow the setup described here.
I am continually testing new backup solutions, so the software I use can change from month to month. I’ve tried most of the popular backup solutions and many of the more obscure ones, but before I say anything about my current setup, here is what I’m trying to accomplish (at a minimum): I want at least three (reasonably) current backup sets with copies of all my files.
I update two of them every day and keep the third somewhere offsite, such as in a safe deposit box at the bank. Every month or two, I swap the offsite backup for the latest backup from home — and then reuse the older backup disk.
Note that after I set up the following programs, they run automatically in the background with no further action on my part. Think of this as a “set and forget” feature.
One last thing: I test the integrity of each backup regularly, and so should you. It confirms that the files that I think are there are actually there, and it reassures me that the files in that backup set aren’t corrupted or damaged and are capable of being restored successfully.
Continuity is the blanket term for a set of features in Mojave and iOS 8 or newer that allow you to seamlessly move between your iPhone, iPad, and Mac.
At present, four features provide Continuity:
They’re a useful little quartet, but they work only with newer Apple devices. So, before you get too excited, peruse the system requirements for each feature.
Handoff and Instant Hotspot are supported by the following Mac models and require Yosemite, macOS Sierra, or macOS Mojave:
Instant Hotspot requires one of these iDevices with cellular connectivity and Personal Hotspot service through your wireless carrier:
Phone Calling requires an iPhone with at least iOS 8 and an activated carrier plan and works with any iOS device that supports iOS 8 and any Mac that supports macOS Sierra or later.
SMS requires an iPhone with at least iOS 8.1 and an activated carrier plan and works with any iOS device with iOS 8.1 and any Mac that supports macOS Sierra or later.
If your gear isn’t listed, Continuity isn’t going to work for you. So, assuming you have at least two or more devices that meet those requirements, here is how to put these useful features to work for you.
Handoff lets you start a document, email, or message on one Apple device and pick up where you left off on another. It works with Apple apps including Mail, Safari, Maps, Messages, Reminders, Calendar, Contacts, Pages, Numbers, and Keynote as well as some third-party apps.
To use Handoff, do the following:
Another way to open an app available for Handoff on your iDevice is to double-click the Home button and then tap the app (Keynote in this example) in the multitasking display.
Going the other direction, if you had started the presentation on your iDevice, you’d see a Keynote icon on the left side of your dock, as shown. Click the icon to launch Keynote, which will open the presentation that’s currently open on your iDevice.
You can also use Mojave’s app switcher (Command-Tab) to open an app that’s displaying a Handoff icon in your dock.
If you decide you want to disable Handoff:
Try using Handoff with Safari. If you start reading a web page on one device, as long as you don’t quit Safari you can pick up reading it on any of your other devices. You might find that you use Handoff more with Safari than with documents, messages, and mail combined. Bottom line: Handoff is a sweet feature when it works.
Handoff still isn’t robust for some users, with reports of inconsistent or nonexistent behavior with Handoff appearing a year after its introduction. I’m sure Apple will get it sorted out in an iOS or Mojave update. Meanwhile, if it stops working (or never started working) for you, you might have some luck by disabling Handoff, logging out of iCloud on all devices, restarting all the devices, and then reenabling Handoff. It’s a pain but it works more often than not (assuming all of your gear meets the requirements).
Another Continuity feature allows you to use the Personal Hotspot on your iPhone or cellular iPad to provide instant Internet access to other iDevices.
Some cellular operators and data plans don’t include Personal Hotspot. If you don’t see a Personal Hotspot in Settings→Cellular Data on your iDevice, contact your wireless operator.
The first thing to do is enable the hotspot on your cellular device by tapping Settings→Cellular Data and enabling the Personal Hotspot switch.
Now, to get Internet access on your (non-cellular) device:
To get Internet access on your Mac:
And that’s all there is to it!
The data consumed by the non-cellular devices comes from the cellular device with the Personal Hotspot’s data plan. If your data plan is unlimited, you’re golden. For those who pay for data by the gigabyte: Keep an eye on your cellular data usage to avoid unpleasant surprises on your next bill.
With Continuity, you can make and receive cellular phone calls from your iPad, iPod touch, or Mac when your iPhone is on the same Wi-Fi network.
To make and receive phone calls on your Mac, iPad, or iPod touch:
Now that you have everything configured, here are some details on making a call from your Mac, iPad, or iPod touch:
With Continuity, all SMS and MMS text messages that you send and receive on your iPhone appear on your Mac, iPad, and iPod touch, even if the person on the other end is less fortunate and doesn’t use an iPhone or a Mac.
Furthermore, you can reply from whichever device is closest to you, including your iPad, iPod touch, or Mac.
To use Continuity for SMS and MMS with your iPhone and your Mac, iPad, or iPod touch, all of your iDevices need iOS 8.1 or higher and your Macs need macOS 10.10 Yosemite or higher. And all devices need to sign in to iMessage using the same Apple ID.
Now enable SMS on your iPhone by taping Settings→Messages→Send & Receive→You Can Be Reached by iMessage At and enable the check boxes for both your phone number and your email address.
Finally, tap Settings→Messages→Text Message Forwarding and enable the devices you would like this iPhone to forward SMS messages to.
Each device you enable will display a code; just enter the code on your iPhone to verify the SMS feature and you’re done.
To learn about all things Macintosh and macOS Mojave, hop onto the web, check out these sites, and stuff your brain with Mac information: